Get farmer numbers right
How many farmers does India really have? The Agriculture Ministry's last Input Survey for 2016-17 pegged the total operational holdings at 146.19 million. The NABARD All India Rural Financial Inclusion Survey of the same year estimated the country's 'agricultural households' at 100.7 million. The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) has around 111.5 million enrolled beneficiaries, with an average of 102 million-plus getting payments during 2020-21.
India's official farmer population, in other words, is anywhere between 100 million and 150 million. But how much of this comprises actual farmers?